• 3.4 3.4 Supervision of Recognised Bodies

    • Introduction

      • 3.4.1

        The FSMR and the Rules establishes a principles-based framework for the recognition and supervision of Recognised Bodies and for taking regulatory action against those recognised institutions. This framework is supplemented by supervisory powers and other requirements in MIR and MKT rulebooks.

    • Group supervision

      • 3.4.2

        When we recognise a Recognised Body, we take into consideration the relationship with any wider group to which the Recognised Body may belong or with other Persons closely linked to it. We will also take into account lead or consolidated supervision to which a Recognised Body or its Group may be subject in another jurisdiction to the extent it is satisfied that it meets appropriate regulatory criteria and standards. This may lead to us placing some reliance on the supervisory arrangements in another jurisdiction or creating and participating in special arrangements for the supervision of the Recognised Body and its Group. The Recognised Body is expected to provide information required or reasonably requested in relation to these consolidated or lead supervisory arrangements before final supervisory arrangements are established.

      • 3.4.3

        Each relationship will be considered on a case by case basis and according to the risks posed by the Recognised Body's activities identified during supervisory arrangements. Such supervisory arrangements may include a process to be agreed by us, the Recognised Body itself and other relevant regulators.

      • 3.4.4

        Effective co-operation with regulators will provide for prompt exchange of information and co-operation in relation to supervision and enforcement between jurisdictions. This may include exchanges of information and co-operation in respect of activities conducted by a Recognised Body. Usually co-operation arrangements will be in the form of memoranda of understanding. The information exchange will enhance our understanding of the operations of the Group and the impact (if any) on the Recognised Body.

    • Application for a change in control

      • 3.4.5

        GEN 8.8 sets out the requirements relating to a change in control. See also paragraphs 3.2.21 to 3.2.25 above.

    • Directions power

      • 3.4.6

        MIR Chapter 6 empowers us to give a Recognised Body certain directions in relation to the Recognised Body's duties under the laws. It also gives us the power to direct a Recognised Body to do specified things, including closing the market, suspending transactions and prohibiting trading in Investments. MIR Chapter 6 also empowers us to exercise the powers contained in the Recognised Body's rules for participants as though it was the Recognised Body where we consider that the Recognised Body has not exercised the powers under those rules.

      • 3.4.7

        In considering whether to exercise such powers, we may take into account the following factors:

        (a) what steps the Recognised Body has taken or is taking in respect of the issue being addressed in the planned direction;
        (b) the impact on our objectives if a direction were not issued; or
        (c) whether it is in the interests of the ADGM.

      • 3.4.8

        The written notice given by us will specify what a Recognised Body is required to do under the exercise of such directions. Though we are not required to do so under MIR, in most cases we will endeavour to contact the Recognised Body prior to issuing such a direction.

      • 3.4.9

        Part 14 of the FSMR and MIR 6.1 allow us to direct a Recognised Body to suspend or delist Securities from its Official List. Such directions may take effect immediately or from a date and time as may be specified in the direction. MKT Chapter 2 contains details in this regard.