• Part 17 PART 17 Acquisition By Limited Company Of Its Own Shares

    • Chapter 1 Chapter 1 General Provisions

      • Introductory

        • 598. General rule against limited company acquiring its own shares

          (1) A limited company must not acquire its own shares, whether by purchase, subscription or otherwise, except in accordance with the provisions of this Part.
          (2) If a company purports to act in contravention of this section-
          (a) a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (i) the company, and
          (ii) every officer of the company who is in default, and
          (b) the purported acquisition is void.
          (3) A person who commits a contravention of this section is liable to a fine of up to level 8.

        • 599. Exceptions to general rule

          (1) A limited company may acquire any of its own fully paid shares otherwise than for valuable consideration.
          (2) Section 598 does not prohibit-
          (a) the acquisition of shares in a reduction of capital duly made,
          (b) the purchase of shares in pursuance of an order of the Court under-
          (i) section 82 (application to Court to cancel resolution for re-registration as a private company),
          (ii) section 663(6) (powers of Court on objection to redemption or purchase of shares out of capital),
          (iii) section 697 (remedial order in case of breach of prohibition of public offers by private company), or
          (iv) Part 28 (protection of members against unfair prejudice),
          (c) the forfeiture of shares, or the acceptance of shares surrendered in lieu, in pursuance of the company’s articles, for failure to pay any sum payable in respect of the shares.

      • Shares Held By Nominee Of The Company

        • 600. Treatment of shares held by nominee

          (1) This section applies where shares in a limited company-
          (a) are taken by an initial shareholder as nominee of the company,
          (b) are issued to a nominee of the company, or
          (c) are acquired by a nominee of the company, partly paid up, from a third person.
          (2) For all purposes-
          (a) the shares are to be treated as held by the nominee on his own account, and
          (b) the company is to be regarded as having no beneficial interest in them.
          (3) This section does not apply-
          (a) to shares acquired otherwise than by subscription by a nominee of a public company, where-
          (i) a person acquires shares in the company with financial assistance given to him, directly or indirectly, by the company for the purpose of or in connection with the acquisition, and
          (ii) the company has a beneficial interest in the shares,
          (b) to shares acquired by a nominee of the company when the company has no beneficial interest in the shares.

        • 601. Liability of others where nominee fails to make payment in respect of shares

          (1) This section applies where shares in a limited company-
          (a) are taken by an initial shareholder as nominee of the company,
          (b) are issued to a nominee of the company, or
          (c) are acquired by a nominee of the company, partly paid up, from a third person.
          (2) If the nominee, having been called on to pay any amount for the purposes of paying up the shares, fails to pay that amount within 21 days from being called on to do so, then-
          (a) in the case of shares that he agreed to take as an initial shareholder, the other initial shareholders, and
          (b) in any other case, the directors of the company when the shares were issued to or acquired by him,
          are jointly and severally liable with him to pay that amount.
          (3) If in proceedings for the recovery of an amount under subsection (2) it appears to the Court that the initial shareholder or director-
          (a) has acted honestly and reasonably, and
          (b) having regard to all the circumstances of the case, ought fairly to be relieved from liability,
          the Court may relieve him, either wholly or in part, from his liability on such terms as the Court thinks fit.
          (4) If an initial shareholder or a director of a company has reason to apprehend that a claim will or might be made for the recovery of any such amount from him-
          (a) he may apply to the Court for relief, and
          (b) the Court has the same power to relieve him as it would have had in proceedings for recovery of that amount.
          (5) This section does not apply to shares acquired by a nominee of the company when the company has no beneficial interest in the shares.

      • Shares Held By Or For A Public Company

        • 602. Duty to cancel shares in public company held by or for the company

          (1) This section applies in the case of a public company-
          (a) where shares in the company are forfeited, or surrendered to the company in lieu of forfeiture, in pursuance of the articles, for failure to pay any sum payable in respect of the shares,
          (b) where shares in the company are acquired by it (otherwise than in accordance with this Part or Part 28 (protection of members against unfair prejudice)) and the company has a beneficial interest in the shares,
          (c) where a nominee of the company acquires shares in the company from a third party without financial assistance being given directly or indirectly by the company and the company has a beneficial interest in the shares, or
          (d) where a person acquires shares in the company, with financial assistance given to him, directly or indirectly, by the company for the purpose of or in connection with the acquisition, and the company has a beneficial interest in the shares.
          (2) Unless the shares or any interest of the company in them are previously disposed of, the company must-
          (a) cancel the shares and diminish the amount of the company’s share capital by the value of the shares cancelled, and
          (b) where the effect is that the value of the company’s allotted share capital is brought below the authorised minimum, apply for re-registration as a private company, stating the effect of the cancellation.
          (3) It must do so no later than-
          (a) in a case within subsection 602(1)(a), three years from the date of the forfeiture or surrender,
          (b) in a case within subsection 602(1)(b) or (c), three years from the date of the acquisition,
          (c) in a case within subsection 602(1)(d), one year from the date of the acquisition.
          (4) The directors of the company may take any steps necessary to enable the company to comply with this section, and may do so without complying with the provisions of Chapter 8 of Part 16 (reduction of capital).
          See also section 604 (re-registration as private company in consequence of cancellation).
          (5) Neither the company nor, in a case within subsection 602(1)(c) or (d), the nominee or other shareholder may exercise any voting rights in respect of the shares.
          (6) Any purported exercise of those rights is void.

        • 603. Notice of cancellation of shares

          (1) Where a company cancels shares in order to comply with section 602, it must within one month after the shares are cancelled give notice to:
          (a) (in the case of a company other than a restricted scope company) the Registrar, or
          (b) (in the case of a restricted scope company) each of its members,
          specifying the shares cancelled.
          (2) The notice must be accompanied by a statement of capital.
          (3) The statement of capital must state with respect to the company’s share capital immediately following the cancellation-
          (a) the total number of shares of the company,
          (b) the aggregate issue price of those shares,
          (c) for each class of shares-
          (i) prescribed particulars of the rights attached to the shares,
          (ii) the total number of shares of that class, and
          (iii) the aggregate issue price of shares of that class, and
          (d) the amount paid up and the amount (if any) unpaid on each share.
          (4) If default is made in complying with this section, A contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (5) A person who commits a contravention under this section is liable to a level 2 fine.

        • 604. Re-registration as private company in consequence of cancellation

          (1) Where a company is obliged to re-register as a private company to comply with section 602, the directors may resolve that the company should be so re-registered.
          Chapter 3 of Part 3 (resolutions affecting a company’s constitution) applies to any such resolution.
          (2) The resolution may make such changes-
          (a) in the company’s name, and
          (b) in the company’s articles,
          as are necessary in connection with its becoming a private company.
          (3) The application for re-registration must contain a statement of the company’s proposed name on re-registration.
          (4) The application must be accompanied by-
          (a) a copy of the resolution (unless a copy has already been forwarded under Chapter 3 of Part 3),
          (b) a copy of the company’s articles as amended by the resolution, and
          (c) a statement of compliance.
          (5) The statement of compliance required is a statement that the requirements of this section as to re-registration as a private company have been complied with.
          (6) The Registrar may accept the statement of compliance as sufficient evidence that the company is entitled to be re-registered as a private company.

        • 605. Issue of certificate of incorporation on re-registration

          (1) If on an application under section 604 the Registrar is satisfied that the company is entitled to be re-registered as a private company, the company shall be reregistered accordingly.
          (2) The Registrar must issue a certificate of incorporation altered to meet the circumstances of the case.
          (3) The certificate must state that it is issued on re-registration and the date on which it is issued.
          (4) On the issue of the certificate-
          (a) the company by virtue of the issue of the certificate becomes a private company, and
          (b) the changes in the company’s name and articles take effect.
          (5) The certificate is conclusive evidence that the requirements of these Regulations as to re-registration have been complied with.
          (6) The certificate of incorporation shall comply with the provisions of section 940 (Form and right to certificate of incorporation).

        • 606. Effect of failure to re-register

          (1) If a public company that is required by section 602 to apply to be re-registered as a private company fails to do so before the end of the period specified in subsection (3) of that section, Chapter 1 of Part 19 (prohibition of public offers by private company) applies to it as if it were a private company.
          (2) Subject to that, the company continues to be treated as a public company until it is so re-registered.

        • 607. Offence in case of failure to cancel shares or re-register

          (1) This section applies where a company, when required to do by section 602-
          (a) fails to cancel any shares, or
          (b) fails to make an application for re-registration as a private company,
          within the time specified in subsection (3) of that section.
          (2) A contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (3) A person who commits a contravention under this section is liable to a fine of up to level 8.

        • 608. Application of provisions to company re-registering as public company

          (1) This section applies where, after shares in a private company-
          (a) are forfeited in pursuance of the company’s articles or are surrendered to the company in lieu of forfeiture,
          (b) are acquired by the company (otherwise than by any of the methods permitted by this Part or Part 28 (protection of members against unfair prejudice)), the company having a beneficial interest in the shares,
          (c) are acquired by a nominee of the company from a third party without financial assistance being given directly or indirectly by the company, the company having a beneficial interest in the shares, or
          (d) are acquired by a person with financial assistance given to him, directly or indirectly, by the company for the purpose of or in connection with the acquisition, the company having a beneficial interest in the shares,
          the company is re-registered as a public company.
          (2) In that case the provisions of sections 602 to 607 apply to the company as if it had been a public company at the time of the forfeiture, surrender or acquisition, subject to the following modification.
          (3) The modification is that the period specified in section 602(3)(a), (b) or (c) (period for complying with obligations under that section) runs from the date of the re-registration of the company as a public company.

        • 609. Transfer to reserve on acquisition of shares by public company or nominee

          (1) Where-
          (a) a public company, or a nominee of a public company, acquires shares in the company, and
          (b) those shares are shown in a balance sheet of the company as an asset,
          an amount equal to the value of the shares must be transferred out of profits available for dividend to a reserve fund and is not then available for distribution.
          (2) Subsection (1) applies to an interest in shares as it applies to shares.
             As it so applies the reference to the value of the shares shall be read as a reference to the value to the company of its interest in the shares.

      • Charges By Public Companies On Own Shares

        • 610. Public companies: general rule against lien or charge on own shares

          (1) A lien or other charge of a public company on its own shares (whether taken expressly or otherwise) is void, except as permitted by this section.
          (2) In the case of any description of company, a charge is permitted if the shares are not fully paid up and the charge is for an amount payable in respect of the shares.
          (3) In the case of a company whose ordinary business-
          (a) includes the lending of money, or
          (b) consists of the provision of credit or the bailment of goods under a hire-purchase agreement, or both,
          a charge is permitted (whether the shares are fully paid or not) if it arises in connection with a transaction entered into by the company in the ordinary course of that business.
          (4) In the case of a company that has been re-registered as a public company, a charge is permitted if it was in existence immediately before the application for re-registration.

      • Supplementary Provisions

        • 611. Interests to be disregarded in determining whether company has beneficial interest

          In determining for the purposes of this Chapter whether a company has a beneficial interest in shares, there shall be disregarded any such interest as is mentioned in-
          (a) section 612 (residual interest under pension scheme or employees’ share scheme),
          (b) section 613 (employer’s charges and other rights of recovery), or
          (c) section 614 (rights as personal representative or trustee).

        • 612. Residual interest under pension scheme or employees’ share scheme

          (1) Where the shares are held on trust for the purposes of a pension scheme or employees’ share scheme, there shall be disregarded any residual interest of the company that has not vested in possession.
          (2) A “residual interest” means a right of the company to receive any of the trust property in the event of-
          (a) all the liabilities arising under the scheme having been satisfied or provided for,
          (b) the company ceasing to participate in the scheme, or
          (c) the trust property at any time exceeding what is necessary for satisfying the liabilities arising or expected to arise under the scheme.
          (3) In subsection (2)-
          (a) the reference to a right includes a right dependent on the exercise of a discretion vested by the scheme in the trustee or another person, and
          (b) the reference to liabilities arising under a scheme includes liabilities that have resulted, or may result, from the exercise of any such discretion.
          (4) For the purposes of this section a residual interest vests in possession-
          (a) in a case within subsection 612(2)(a), on the occurrence of the event mentioned there (whether or not the amount of the property receivable pursuant to the right is ascertained),
          (b) in a case within subsection 612(2)(b) or (c), when the company becomes entitled to require the trustee to transfer to it any of the property receivable pursuant to that right.
          (5) Where by virtue of this section shares are exempt from section 600 or 601 (shares held by company’s nominee) at the time they are taken, issued or acquired but the residual interest in question vests in possession before they are disposed of or fully paid up, those sections apply to the shares as if they had been taken, issued or acquired on the date on which that interest vests in possession.
          (6) Where by virtue of this section shares are exempt from sections 602 to 610 (shares held by or for public company) at the time they are acquired but the residual interest in question vests in possession before they are disposed of, those sections apply to the shares as if they had been acquired on the date on which the interest vests in possession.

        • 613. Employer’s charges and other rights of recovery

          (1) Where the shares are held on trust for the purposes of a pension scheme there shall be disregarded-
          (a) any charge or lien on, or set-off against, any benefit or other right or interest under the scheme for the purpose of enabling the employer or former employer of a member of the scheme to obtain the discharge of a monetary obligation due to him from the member,
          (b) any right to receive from the trustee of the scheme, or as trustee of the scheme to retain, an amount that can be recovered or retained as reimbursement or partial reimbursement for any contributions equivalent premium paid in connection with the scheme, or
          (2) Where the shares are held on trust for the purposes of an employees’ share scheme, there shall be disregarded any charge or lien on, or set-off against, any benefit or other right or interest under the scheme for the purpose of enabling the employer or former employer of a member of the scheme to obtain the discharge of a monetary obligation due to him from the member.

        • 614. Rights as personal representative or trustee

          Where the company is a personal representative or trustee, there shall be disregarded any rights that the company has in that capacity including, in particular-
          (a) any right to recover its expenses or be remunerated out of the estate or trust property, and
          (b) any right to be indemnified out of that property for any liability incurred by reason of any act or omission of the company in the performance of its duties as personal representative or trustee.

        • 615. Meaning of “pension scheme”

          (1) In this Chapter “pension scheme” means a scheme for the provision of benefits consisting of or including relevant benefits for or in respect of employees or former employees.
          (2) In subsection (1) “relevant benefits” means any pension, lump sum, gratuity or other like benefit given or to be given on retirement or on death or in anticipation of retirement or, in connection with past service, after retirement or death.

    • Chapter 2 Chapter 2 Financial Assistance For Purchase Of Own Shares

      • Introductory

        • 616. Meaning of “financial assistance”

          (1) In this Chapter “financial assistance” means-
          (a) financial assistance given by way of gift,
          (b) financial assistance given-
          (i) by way of guarantee, security or indemnity (other than an indemnity in respect of the indemnifier’s own neglect or default), or
          (ii) by way of release or waiver,
          (c) financial assistance given-
          (i) by way of a loan or any other agreement under which any of the obligations of the person giving the assistance are to be fulfilled at a time when in accordance with the agreement any obligation of another party to the agreement remains unfulfilled, or
          (ii) by way of the novation of, or the assignment of rights arising under, a loan or such other agreement, or
          (d) any other financial assistance given by a company where-
          (i) the net assets of the company are reduced to a material extent by the giving of the assistance, or
          (ii) the company has no net assets.
          (2) “Net assets” here means the aggregate amount of the company’s assets less the aggregate amount of its liabilities.
          (3) For this purpose a company’s liabilities include any provision made in the company’s accounts.

      • Circumstances In Which Financial Assistance Is Prohibited

        • 617. Assistance for acquisition of shares in public company

          (1) Where a person is acquiring or proposing to acquire shares in a public company, it is not lawful for that company, or a company that is a subsidiary of that company, to give financial assistance directly or indirectly for the purpose of the acquisition before or at the same time as the acquisition takes place, except as provided for by this Chapter.
          (2) Subsection (1) does not prohibit a company from giving financial assistance for the acquisition of shares in it or its holding company if-
          (a) the company’s principal purpose in giving the financial assistance is not to give it for the purpose of any such acquisition, or
          (b) the giving of the financial assistance for that purpose is only an incidental part of some larger purpose of the company,
          and the financial assistance is given in good faith in the interests of the company.
          (3) Where-
          (a) a person has acquired shares in a company, and
          (b) a liability has been incurred (by that or another person) for the purpose of the acquisition,
          it is not lawful for that company, or a company that is a subsidiary of that company, to give financial assistance directly or indirectly for the purpose of reducing or discharging the liability if, at the time the financial assistance is given, the company in which the shares were acquired is a public company.
          (4) Subsection (3) does not prohibit a company from giving financial assistance if-
          (a) the company’s principal purpose in giving the financial assistance is not to reduce or discharge any liability incurred by a person for the purpose of the acquisition of shares in the company or its holding company, or
          (b) the reduction or discharge of any such liability is only an incidental part of some larger purpose of the company,
          and the financial assistance is given in good faith in the interests of the company.
          (5) This section has effect subject to sections 620 and 621 (unconditional and conditional exceptions to prohibition).

        • 618. Assistance by public company for acquisition of shares in its private holding company

          (1) Where a person is acquiring or proposing to acquire shares in a private company, it is not lawful for a public company that is a subsidiary of that company to give financial assistance directly or indirectly for the purpose of the acquisition before or at the same time as the acquisition takes place.
          (2) Subsection (1) does not prohibit a company from giving financial assistance for the acquisition of shares in its holding company if-
          (a) the company’s principal purpose in giving the financial assistance is not to give it for the purpose of any such acquisition, or
          (b) the giving of the financial assistance for that purpose is only an incidental part of some larger purpose of the company,
          and the financial assistance is given in good faith in the interests of the company.
          (3) Where-
          (a) a person has acquired shares in a private company, and
          (b) a liability has been incurred (by that or another person) for the purpose of the acquisition,
          it is not lawful for a public company that is a subsidiary of that company to give financial assistance directly or indirectly for the purpose of reducing or discharging the liability.
          (4) Subsection (3) does not prohibit a company from giving financial assistance if-
          (a) the company’s principal purpose in giving the financial assistance is not to reduce or discharge any liability incurred by a person for the purpose of the acquisition of shares in its holding company, or
          (b) the reduction or discharge of any such liability is only an incidental part of some larger purpose of the company,
          and the financial assistance is given in good faith in the interests of the company.
          (5) This section has effect subject to sections 620 and 621 (unconditional and conditional exceptions to prohibition).

        • 619. Prohibited financial assistance a contravention of these Regulations

          (1) If a company contravenes section 617(1) or (3) or section 618(1) or (3) (prohibited financial assistance) a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (2) A person who commits a contravention under this section is liable to a level 3 fine.

      • Exceptions From Prohibitions

        • 620. Unconditional exceptions

          (1) Neither section 617 nor section 618 prohibits a transaction to which this section applies.
          (2) Those transactions are-
          (a) a distribution of the company’s assets by way of-
          (i) dividend lawfully made, or
          (ii) distribution in the course of a company’s winding up,
          (b) an allotment of bonus shares,
          (c) a reduction of capital under Chapter 10 of Part 16,
          (d) a redemption of shares under Chapter 3 or a purchase of shares under Chapter 4 of this Part,
          (e) anything done in pursuance of an order of the Court under Part 25 (order sanctioning compromise or arrangement with members or creditors),
          (f) anything done under an arrangement made in pursuance of a duly appointed liquidator accepting shares as consideration for sale of company’s property,
          (g) anything done under an arrangement made between a company and its creditors that is binding on the creditors.

        • 621. Conditional exceptions

          (1) Neither section 617 nor section 618 prohibits a transaction to which this section applies-
          (a) if the company giving the financial assistance is a private company, or
          (b) if the company giving the financial assistance is a public company and-
          (i) the company has net assets that are not reduced by the giving of the assistance, or
          (ii) to the extent that those assets are so reduced, the assistance is provided out of distributable profits.
          (2) The transactions to which this section applies are-
          (a) where the lending of money is part of the ordinary business of the company, the lending of money in the ordinary course of the company’s business,
          (b) the provision by the company, in good faith in the interests of the company or its holding company, of financial assistance for the purposes of an employees’ share scheme,
          (c) the provision of financial assistance by the company for the purposes of or in connection with anything done by the company (or another company in the same group) for the purpose of enabling or facilitating transactions in shares in the first-mentioned company or its holding company between, and involving the acquisition of beneficial ownership of those shares by-
          (i) bona fide employees or former employees of that company (or another company in the same group), or
          (ii) spouses, widows, widowers, or minor children or step-children of any such employees or former employees;
          (d) the making by the company of loans to persons (other than directors) employed in good faith by the company with a view to enabling those persons to acquire fully paid shares in the company or its holding company to be held by them by way of beneficial ownership.
          (3) The references in this section to “net assets” are to the amount by which the aggregate of the company’s assets exceeds the aggregate of its liabilities.
          (4) For this purpose-
          (a) the amount of both assets and liabilities shall be taken to be as stated in the company’s accounting records immediately before the financial assistance is given, and
          (b) “liabilities” includes any amount retained as reasonably necessary for the purpose of providing for a liability the nature of which is clearly defined and that is either likely to be incurred or certain to be incurred but uncertain as to amount or as to the date on which it will arise.
          (5) For the purposes of subsection (2)(c) a company is in the same group as another company if it is a holding company or subsidiary of that company or a subsidiary of a holding company of that company.

        • 622. Definitions for this Chapter

          (1) In this Chapter-
          “distributable profits”, in relation to the giving of any financial assistance-
          (a) means those profits out of which the company could lawfully make a distribution equal in value to that assistance, and
          (b) includes, in a case where the financial assistance consists of or includes, or is treated as arising in consequence of, the sale, transfer or other disposition of a non-cash asset, any profit that, if the company were to make a distribution of that character would be available for that purpose (see section 772 (distributions in kind: treatment of unrealised profits)), and
          “distribution” has the same meaning as in Part 22 (distributions) (see section 760 (meaning of “distribution”)).
          (2) In this Chapter-
          (a) a reference to a person incurring a liability includes his changing his financial position by making an agreement or arrangement (whether enforceable or unenforceable, and whether made on his own account or with any other person) or by any other means, and
          (b) a reference to a company giving financial assistance for the purposes of reducing or discharging a liability incurred by a person for the purpose of the acquisition of shares includes its giving such assistance for the purpose of wholly or partly restoring his financial position to what it was before the acquisition took place.

    • Chapter 3 Chapter 3 Redeemable Shares

      • 623. Power of limited company to issue redeemable shares

        (1) A limited company having a share capital may issue shares that are to be redeemed or are liable to be redeemed at the option of the company or the shareholder (“redeemable shares”), subject to the following provisions.
        (2) The articles of a private limited company may exclude or restrict the issue of redeemable shares.
        (3) A public limited company may only issue redeemable shares if it is authorised to do so by its articles.
        (4) No redeemable shares may be issued at a time when there are no issued shares of the company that are not redeemable.

      • 624. 624. Terms and manner of redemption

        (1) The directors of a limited company may determine the terms, conditions and manner of redemption of shares if they are authorised to do so-
        (a) by the company’s articles, or
        (b) by a resolution of the company.
        (2) A resolution under subsection 624(1)(b) may be an ordinary resolution, even though it amends the company’s articles.
        (3) Where the directors are authorised under subsection (1) to determine the terms, conditions and manner of redemption of shares-
        (a) they must do so before the shares are allotted, and
        (b) any obligation of the company to state in a statement of capital the rights attached to the shares extends to the terms, conditions and manner of redemption.
        (4) Where the directors are not so authorised, the terms, conditions and manner of redemption of any redeemable shares must be stated in the company’s articles.

        • 625. Payment for redeemable shares

          (1) Redeemable shares in a limited company may not be redeemed unless they are fully paid.
          (2) The terms of redemption of shares in a limited company may provide that the amount payable on redemption may, by agreement between the company and the holder of the shares, be paid on a date later than the redemption date.
          (3) Unless redeemed in accordance with a provision authorised by subsection (2), the shares must be paid for on redemption.

        • 626. Financing of redemption

          (1) A private limited company may redeem redeemable shares out of capital in accordance with Chapter 5.
          (2) Subject to that, redeemable shares in a limited company may only be redeemed out of-
          (a) distributable profits of the company, or
          (b) the proceeds of a fresh issue of shares made for the purposes of the redemption.
          (3) This section is subject to section 676(4) (terms of redemption enforceable in a winding up).

        • 627. Redeemed shares treated as cancelled

          Where shares in a limited company are redeemed-
          (a) the shares are treated as cancelled, and
          (b) the amount of the company’s issued share capital is diminished accordingly by the issue price of the shares redeemed.

        • 628. Notice to Registrar of redemption

          (1) If a limited company redeems any redeemable shares it must within one month after doing so give notice to the Registrar, specifying the shares redeemed.
          (2) The notice must be accompanied by a statement of capital.
          (3) The statement of capital must state with respect to the company’s share capital immediately following the redemption-
          (a) the total number of shares of the company,
          (b) the aggregate issue price of those shares,
          (c) for each class of shares-
          (i) prescribed particulars of the rights attached to the shares,
          (ii) the total number of shares of that class, and
          (iii) the aggregate issue price of shares of that class, and
          (d) the amount paid up and the amount (if any) unpaid on each share.
          (4) If default is made in complying with this section, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (5) A person who commits a contravention under this section is liable to a level 2 fine.
          (6) This section does not apply to a restricted scope company.

    • Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Purchase Of Own Shares

      • General Provisions

        • 629. Power of limited company to purchase own shares

          (1) A limited company having a share capital may purchase its own shares (including any redeemable shares), subject to-
          (a) the following provisions of this Chapter, and
          (b) any restriction or prohibition in the company’s articles.
          (2) A limited company may not purchase its own shares if as a result of the purchase there would no longer be any issued shares of the company other than redeemable shares or shares held as treasury shares.

        • 630. Payment for purchase of own shares

          (1) A limited company may not purchase its own shares unless they are fully paid.
          (2) Where a limited company purchases its own shares, the shares must be paid for on purchase.
          (3) But subsection (2) does not apply in a case where a private limited company is purchasing shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme.

        • 631. Financing of purchase of own shares

          (1) A private limited company may purchase its own shares-
          (a) out of capital in accordance with Chapter 5, and
          (b) with cash (if authorised to do so by its articles) up to an amount in a financial year not exceeding the lower of-
          (i) 25,000 US dollars, or
          (ii) the value of 5% of its share capital.
          (2) If the share capital of the company is not denominated in US dollars, the value in US dollars of the share capital shall be calculated for the purposes of subsection 631(1)(b)(ii) at an appropriate spot rate of exchange.
          (3) The rate must be a rate prevailing on a day specified in the resolution authorising the purchase of the shares.
          (4) Subject to subsection (1) -
          (a) a limited company may only purchase its own shares out of-
          (i) distributable profits of the company, or
          (ii) the proceeds of a fresh issue of shares made for the purpose of financing the purchase, and
          (5) This section has effect subject to section 676(4) (terms of purchase enforceable in a winding up).

      • Authority For Purchase Of Own Shares

        • 632. Authority for purchase of own shares

          (1) A limited company may only purchase its own shares-
          (a) by an off-market purchase, authorised in accordance with section 633 or in pursuance of a contract approved in advance in accordance with section 634,
          (b) by a market purchase, authorised in accordance with section 641.
          (2) A purchase is “off-market” if the shares either-
          (a) are purchased otherwise than on a recognised investment exchange, or
          (b) are purchased on a recognised investment exchange but are not subject to a marketing arrangement on the exchange.
          (3) For this purpose a company’s shares are subject to a marketing arrangement on a recognised investment exchange if the company has been afforded facilities for dealings in the shares to take place on the exchange-
          (i) without prior permission for individual transactions from the authority governing that investment exchange, and
          (ii) without limit as to the time during which those facilities are to be available.
          (4) A purchase is a “market purchase” if it is made on a recognised investment exchange and is not an off-market purchase by virtue of subsection 632(2)(b).
          (5) In this section ”recognised investment exchange” means an investment exchange so determined in rules made by the Board.

        • 633. Authority for off-market purchase for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme

          (1) A company may make an off-market purchase of its own shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme if the purchase has first been authorised by a resolution of the company under this section.
          (2) That authority-
          (a) may be general or limited to the purchase of shares of a particular class or description, and
          (b) may be unconditional or subject to conditions.
          (3) The authority must-
          (a) specify the maximum number of shares authorised to be acquired, and
          (b) determine both the maximum and minimum prices that may be paid for the shares.
          (4) The authority may be varied, revoked or from time to time renewed by a resolution of the company.
          (5) A resolution conferring, varying or renewing authority must specify a date on which it is to expire, which must not be later than five years after the date on which the resolution is passed.
          (6) A company may make a purchase of its own shares after the expiry of the time limit specified if-
          (a) the contract of purchase was concluded before the authority expired, and
          (b) the terms of the authority permitted the company to make a contract of purchase that would or might be executed wholly or partly after its expiration.
          (7) A resolution to confer or vary authority under this section may determine the maximum or minimum price for purchase by-
          (a) specifying a particular sum, or
          (b) providing a basis or formula for calculating the amount of the price (but without reference to any person’s discretion or opinion).
          (8) Chapter 3 of Part 3 (resolutions affecting a company’s constitution) applies to a resolution under this section.

      • Authority For Off-market Purchase

        • 634. Authority for off-market purchase

          (1) Subject to section 633, a company may only make an off-market purchase of its own shares in pursuance of a contract approved prior to the purchase in accordance with this section.
          (2) Either-
          (a) the terms of the contract must be authorised by a resolution of the company before the contract is entered into, or
          (b) the contract must provide that no shares may be purchased in pursuance of the contract until its terms have been authorised by a resolution of the company.
          (3) The contract may be a contract, entered into by the company and relating to shares in the company, that does not amount to a contract to purchase the shares but under which the company may (subject to any conditions) become entitled or obliged to purchase the shares.
          (4) The authority conferred by a resolution under this section may be varied, revoked or from time to time renewed by a resolution of the company.
          (5) In the case of a public company a resolution conferring, varying or renewing authority must specify a date on which the authority is to expire, which must not be later than five years after the date on which the resolution is passed.
          (6) A resolution conferring, varying, revoking or renewing authority under this section is subject to-
          (a) section 635 (exercise of voting rights), and
          (b) section 636 (disclosure of details of contract).

        • 635. Resolution authorising off-market purchase: exercise of voting rights

          (1) This section applies to a resolution to confer, vary, revoke or renew authority for the purposes of section 634 (authority for off-market purchase of own shares).
          (2) Where the resolution is proposed as a written resolution, a member who holds shares to which the resolution relates is not an eligible member.
          (3) Where the resolution is proposed at a meeting of the company, it is not effective if-
          (a) any member of the company holding shares to which the resolution relates exercises the voting rights carried by any of those shares in voting on the resolution, and
          (b) the resolution would not have been passed if he had not done so.
          (4) For this purpose-
          (a) a member who holds shares to which the resolution relates is regarded as exercising the voting rights carried by those shares not only if he votes in respect of them on a poll on the question whether the resolution shall be passed, but also if he votes on the resolution otherwise than on a poll,
          (b) any member of the company may demand a poll on that question,
          (c) a vote and a demand for a poll by a person as proxy for a member are the same respectively as a vote and a demand by the member.

        • 636. Resolution authorising off-market purchase: disclosure of details of contract

          (1) This section applies in relation to a resolution to confer, vary, revoke or renew authority for the purposes of section 634 (authority for off-market purchase of own shares).
          (2) A copy of the contract (if it is in writing) or a memorandum setting out its terms (if it is not) must be made available to members-
          (a) in the case of a written resolution, by being sent or submitted to every eligible member at or before the time at which the proposed resolution is sent or submitted to him,
          (b) in the case of a resolution at a meeting, by being made available for inspection by members of the company both-
          (i) at the company’s registered office for not less than 15 days ending with the date of the meeting, and
          (ii) at the meeting itself.
          (3) A memorandum of contract terms so made available must include the names of the members holding shares to which the contract relates.
          (4) A copy of the contract so made available must have annexed to it a written memorandum specifying such of those names as do not appear in the contract itself.
          (5) The resolution is not validly passed if the requirements of this section are not complied with.

        • 637. Variation of contract for off-market purchase

          (1) A company may only agree to a variation of a contract authorised under section 634 (authority for off-market purchase) if the variation is approved in advance in accordance with this section.
          (2) The terms of the variation must be authorised by a resolution of the company before it is agreed to.
          (3) That authority may be varied, revoked or from time to time renewed by a resolution of the company.
          (4) In the case of a public company a resolution conferring, varying or renewing authority must specify a date on which the authority is to expire, which must not be later than five years after the date on which the resolution is passed.
          (5) A resolution conferring, varying, revoking or renewing authority under this section is subject to-
          (a) section 638 (exercise of voting rights), and
          (b) section 639 (disclosure of details of variation).

        • 638. Resolution authorising variation: exercise of voting rights

          (1) This section applies to a resolution to confer, vary, revoke or renew authority for the purposes of section 637 (variation of contract for off-market purchase of own shares).
          (2) Where the resolution is proposed as a written resolution, a member who holds shares to which the resolution relates is not an eligible member.
          (3) Where the resolution is proposed at a meeting of the company, it is not effective if-
          (a) any member of the company holding shares to which the resolution relates exercises the voting rights carried by any of those shares in voting on the resolution, and
          (b) the resolution would not have been passed if he had not done so.
          (4) For this purpose-
          (a) a member who holds shares to which the resolution relates is regarded as exercising the voting rights carried by those shares not only if he votes in respect of them on a poll on the question whether the resolution shall be passed, but also if he votes on the resolution otherwise than on a poll,
          (b) any member of the company may demand a poll on that question,
          (c) a vote and a demand for a poll by a person as proxy for a member are the same respectively as a vote and a demand by the member.

        • 639. Resolution authorising variation: disclosure of details of variation

          (1) This section applies in relation to a resolution under section 637 (variation of contract for off-market purchase of own shares).
          (2) A copy of the proposed variation (if it is in writing) or a written memorandum giving details of the proposed variation (if it is not) must be made available to members-
          (a) in the case of a written resolution, by being sent or submitted to every eligible member at or before the time at which the proposed resolution is sent or submitted to him,
          (b) in the case of a resolution at a meeting, by being made available for inspection by members of the company both-
          (i) at the company’s registered office for not less than 15 days ending with the date of the meeting, and
          (ii) at the meeting itself.
          (3) There must also be made available as mentioned in subsection (2) a copy of the original contract or, as the case may be, a memorandum of its terms, together with any variations previously made.
          (4) A memorandum of the proposed variation so made available must include the names of the members holding shares to which the variation relates.
          (5) A copy of the proposed variation so made available must have annexed to it a written memorandum specifying such of those names as do not appear in the variation itself.
          (6) The resolution is not validly passed if the requirements of this section are not complied with.

        • 640. Release of company’s rights under contract for off-market purchase

          (1) An agreement by a company to release its rights under a contract approved under section 634 (authority for off-market purchase) is void unless the terms of the release agreement are approved in advance in accordance with this section.
          (2) The terms of the proposed agreement must be authorised by a resolution of the company before the agreement is entered into.
          (3) That authority may be varied, revoked or from time to time renewed by a resolution of the company.
          (4) In the case of a public company a resolution conferring, varying or renewing authority must specify a date on which the authority is to expire, which must not be later than five years after the date on which the resolution is passed.
          (5) The provisions of-
          (a) section 638 (exercise of voting rights), and
          (b) section 639 (disclosure of details of variation),
          apply to a resolution authorising a proposed release agreement as they apply to a resolution authorising a proposed variation.

      • Authority For Market Purchase

        • 641. Authority for market purchase

          (1) A company may only make a market purchase of its own shares if the purchase has first been authorised by a resolution of the company.
          (2) That authority-
          (a) may be general or limited to the purchase of shares of a particular class or description, and
          (b) may be unconditional or subject to conditions.
          (3) The authority must-
          (a) specify the maximum number of shares authorised to be acquired, and
          (b) determine both the maximum and minimum prices that may be paid for the shares.
          (4) The authority may be varied, revoked or from time to time renewed by a resolution of the company.
          (5) A resolution conferring, varying or renewing authority must specify a date on which it is to expire, which must not be later than five years after the date on which the resolution is passed.
          (6) A company may make a purchase of its own shares after the expiry of the time limit specified if-
          (a) the contract of purchase was concluded before the authority expired, and
          (b) the terms of the authority permitted the company to make a contract of purchase that would or might be executed wholly or partly after its expiration.
          (7) A resolution to confer or vary authority under this section may determine either or both the maximum and minimum price for purchase by-
          (a) specifying a particular sum, or
          (b) providing a basis or formula for calculating the amount of the price (but without reference to any person’s discretion or opinion).
          (8) Chapter 3 of Part 3 (resolutions affecting a company’s constitution) applies to a resolution under this section.

        • 642. Copy of contract or memorandum to be available for inspection

          (1) This section applies where a company has entered into-
          (a) a contract approved under section 634 (authority for contract for offmarket purchase), or
          (b) a contract for a purchase authorised under section 641 (authorisation of market purchase).
          (2) The company must keep available for inspection-
          (a) a copy of the contract, or
          (b) if the contract is not in writing, a written memorandum setting out its terms.
          (3) The copy or memorandum must be kept available for inspection from the conclusion of the contract until the end of the period of ten years beginning with-
          (a) the date on which the purchase of all the shares in pursuance of the contract is completed, or
          (b) the date on which the contract otherwise determines.
          (4) The copy or memorandum must be kept available for inspection-
          (a) at the company’s registered office, or
          (b) at a place specified in rules made by the Board under section 996 (rules about where certain company records to be kept available for inspection).
          (5) The company must give notice to the Registrar-
          (a) of the place at which the copy or memorandum is kept available for inspection, and
          (b) of any change in that place,
          unless it has at all times been kept at the company’s registered office, or unless it is a restricted scope company.
          (6) Every copy or memorandum required to be kept under this section must be kept open to inspection without charge-
          (a) by any member of the company, and
          (b) in the case of a public company, by any other person.
          (7) The provisions of this section apply to a variation of a contract as they apply to the original contract.

        • 643. Enforcement of right to inspect copy or memorandum

          (1) If default is made in complying with section 642(2), (3) or (4) or default is made for 14 days in complying with section 642(5), or an inspection required under section 642(6) is refused, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (2) A person who commits a contravention under this section is liable to a level 2 fine.
          (3) In the case of refusal of an inspection required under section 642(6) the Court may by order compel an immediate inspection.

        • 644. No assignment of company’s right to purchase own shares

          The rights of a company under a contract authorised under-
          (a) section 633 (authority for off-market purchase for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme),
          (b) section 634 (authority for off-market purchase), or
          (c) section 641 (authority for market purchase)
          are not capable of being assigned.

        • 645. Payments apart from purchase price to be made out of distributable profits

          (1) A payment made by a company in consideration of-
          (a) acquiring any right with respect to the purchase of its own shares in pursuance of a contingent purchase contract approved under section 634 (authority for off-market purchase),
          (b) the variation of any contract approved under that section, or
          (c) the release of any of the company’s obligations with respect to the purchase of any of its own shares under a contract-
          (i) approved under section 634 (authority for off-market purchase), or
          (ii) authorised under section 641 (authority for market purchase),
          must be made out of the company’s distributable profits.
          (2) If this requirement is not met in relation to a contract, then-
          (a) in a case within subsection 645(1)(a), no purchase by the company of its own shares in pursuance of that contract may be made under this Chapter,
          (b) in a case within subsection 645(1)(b), no such purchase following the variation may be made under this Chapter,
          (c) in a case within subsection 645(1)(c), the purported release is void.

        • 646. Treatment of shares purchased

          Where a limited company makes a purchase of its own shares in accordance with this Chapter, then-
          (a) if section 666(treasury shares) applies, the shares may be held and dealt with in accordance with Chapter 6,
          (b) if that section does not apply-
          (i) the shares are treated as cancelled, and
          (ii) the amount of the company’s issued share capital is diminished accordingly by the issue price of the shares cancelled.

        • 647. Return to Registrar of purchase of own shares

          (1) Where a company purchases shares under this Chapter, it must deliver a return to the Registrar within the period of one month beginning with the date on which the shares are delivered to it, but not if it is a restricted scope company in which case this section shall not apply.
          (2) The return must distinguish-
          (a) shares in relation to which section 666 (treasury shares) applies and shares in relation to which that section does not apply, and
          (b) shares in relation to which that section applies-
          (i) that are cancelled forthwith (under section 670 (cancellation of treasury shares)), and
          (ii) that are not so cancelled.
          (3) The return must state, with respect to shares of each class purchased-
          (a) the number and aggregate price of the shares purchased, and
          (b) the date on which they were delivered to the company.
          (4) In the case of a public company the return must also state-
          (a) the aggregate amount paid by the company for the shares, and
          (b) the maximum and minimum prices paid in respect of shares of each class purchased.
          (5) Particulars of shares delivered to the company on different dates and under different contracts may be included in a single return.
          In such a case the amount required to be stated under subsection 647(4)(a) is the aggregate amount paid by the company for all the shares to which the return relates.
          (6) If default is made in complying with this section a contravention of these Regulations is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.
          (7) A person who commits a contravention under this section is liable to a level 1 fine.

        • 648. Notice to Registrar of cancellation of shares

          (1) If on the purchase by a company of any of its own shares in accordance with this Part-
          (a) section 666 (treasury shares) does not apply (so that the shares are treated as cancelled), or
          (b) that section applies but the shares are cancelled forthwith (under section 670 (cancellation of treasury shares)),
          the company must give notice of cancellation to the Registrar within the period of one month beginning with the date on which the shares are delivered to it specifying the shares cancelled
          (2) The notice must be accompanied by a statement of capital.
          (3) The statement of capital must state with respect to the company’s share capital immediately following the cancellation-
          (a) the total number of shares of the company,
          (b) the aggregate issue price of those shares,
          (c) for each class of shares-
          (i) prescribed particulars of the rights attached to the shares,
          (ii) the total number of shares of that class, and
          (iii) the aggregate issue price of shares of that class, and
          (d) the amount paid up and the amount (if any) unpaid on each share.
          (4) If default is made in complying with this section, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (5) A person who commits a contravention of this section is liable to a level 1 fine.
          (6) This section does not apply to restricted scope companies.

    • Chapter 5 Chapter 5 Redemption Or Purchase By Private Company Out Of Capital

      • Introductory

        • 649. Power of private limited company to redeem or purchase own shares out of capital

          (1) A private limited company may in accordance with this Chapter, but subject to any restriction or prohibition in the company’s articles, make a payment in respect of the redemption or purchase of its own shares otherwise than out of distributable profits or the proceeds of a fresh issue of shares.
          (2) References below in this Chapter to payment out of capital are to any payment so made, whether or not it would be regarded apart from this section as a payment out of capital.

      • Permissible Capital Payments

        • 650. The permissible capital payment

          (1) The payment that may, in accordance with this Chapter, be made by a company out of capital in respect of the redemption or purchase of its own shares is such amount as, after applying for that purpose-
          (a) any available profits of the company, and
          (b) the proceeds of any fresh issue of shares made for the purposes of the redemption or purchase,
          is required to meet the price of redemption or purchase.
          (2) That is referred to below in this Chapter as “the permissible capital payment” for the shares.

        • 651. Available profits

          (1) For the purposes of this Chapter the available profits of the company, in relation to the redemption or purchase of any shares, are the profits of the company that are available for distribution (within the meaning of Part 22 (distributions)).
          (2) But the question whether a company has any profits so available, and the amount of any such profits, shall be determined in accordance with section 652 instead of in accordance with sections 763 (justification of distribution by reference to relevant accounts) to 769 (determination of profit or loss in respect of asset where records incomplete) in that Part.

        • 652. Determination of available profits

          (1) The available profits of the company are determined as follows.
          (2) First, determine the profits of the company by reference to the following items as stated in the relevant accounts-
          (a) profits, losses, assets and liabilities,
          (b) any provisions made in the company’s accounts,
          (c) share capital and reserves (including undistributable reserves).
          (3) Second, reduce the amount so determined by the amount of-
          (a) any distribution lawfully made by the company, and
          (b) any other relevant payment lawfully made by the company out of distributable profits,
          after the date of the relevant accounts and before the end of the relevant period.
          (4) For this purpose “other relevant payment lawfully made” includes-
          (a) financial assistance lawfully given out of distributable profits in accordance with Chapter 2,
          (b) payments lawfully made out of distributable profits in respect of the purchase by the company of any shares in the company, and
          (c) payments of any description specified in section 645 (payments apart from purchase price to be made out of distributable profits) lawfully made by the company.
          (5) The resulting figure is the amount of available profits.
          (6) For the purposes of this section “the relevant accounts” are any accounts that-
          (a) are prepared as at a date within the relevant period, and
          (b) are such as to enable a reasonable judgment to be made as to the amounts of the items mentioned in subsection (2).
          (7) In this section “the relevant period” means the period of three months ending with the date on which the solvency statement is made in accordance with section 661 or the directors’ statement is made in accordance with section 654.

      • Requirements For Payments Out Of Capital

        • 653. Requirements for payment out of capital

          (1) A payment out of capital by a private company for the redemption or purchase of its own shares is not lawful unless the requirements of the following sections are met-
          (a) section 654 (directors’ statement),
          (b) section 656 (approval by special resolution),
          (c) section 659 (public notice of proposed payment), and
          (d) section 660 (directors’ statement to be available for inspection).
          (2) This is subject to section 661 (reduced requirements for payment out of capital for purchase of own shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme) and to any order of the Court under section 663 (power of Court to extend period for compliance on application by persons objecting to payment).

        • 654. Directors’ statement

          (1) The company’s directors must make a statement in accordance with this section.
          (2) The statement must specify the amount of the permissible capital payment for the shares in question.
          (3) It must state that, having made full inquiry into the affairs and prospects of the company, the directors have formed the opinion-
          (a) as regards its initial situation immediately following the date on which the payment out of capital is proposed to be made, that there will be no grounds on which the company could then be found unable to pay its debts, and
          (b) as regards its prospects for the year immediately following that date, that having regard to-
          (i) their intentions with respect to the management of the company’s business during that year, and
          (ii) the amount and character of the financial resources that will in their view be available to the company during that year,
          the company will be able to continue to carry on business as a going concern (and will accordingly be able to pay its debts as they fall due) throughout that year.
          (4) In forming their opinion for the purposes of subsection 654(3)(a), the directors must take into account all of the company’s liabilities (including any contingent or prospective liabilities).
          (5) The directors’ statement must be in the prescribed form and must contain such information with respect to the nature of the company’s business as may be prescribed.

        • 655. Directors’ statement: offence if no reasonable grounds for opinion

          (1) If the directors make a statement under section 654 without having reasonable grounds for the opinion expressed in it, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by every director who is in default.
          (2) A person who commits a contravention of this section is liable to a fine of up to level 8.

        • 656. Payment to be approved by special resolution

          (1) The payment out of capital must be approved by a special resolution of the company.
          (2) The resolution must be passed on, or within the week immediately following, the date on which the directors make the statement required by section 654.
          (3) A resolution under this section is subject to-
          (a) section 657 (exercise of voting rights), and
          (b) section 658 (disclosure of directors’ statement).

        • 657. Resolution authorising payment: exercise of voting rights

          (1) This section applies to a resolution under section 656 (authority for payment out of capital for redemption or purchase of own shares).
          (2) Where the resolution is proposed as a written resolution, a member who holds shares to which the resolution relates is not an eligible member.
          (3) Where the resolution is proposed at a meeting of the company, it is not effective if-
          (a) any member of the company holding shares to which the resolution relates exercises the voting rights carried by any of those shares in voting on the resolution, and
          (b) the resolution would not have been passed if he had not done so.
          (4) For this purpose-
          (a) a member who holds shares to which the resolution relates is regarded as exercising the voting rights carried by those shares not only if he votes in respect of them on a poll on the question whether the resolution shall be passed, but also if he votes on the resolution otherwise than on a poll,
          (b) any member of the company may demand a poll on that question,
          (c) a vote and a demand for a poll by a person as proxy for a member are the same respectively as a vote and a demand by the member.

        • 658. Resolution authorising payment: disclosure of directors’ statement

          (1) This section applies to a resolution under section 656 (authority for payment out of capital for redemption or purchase of own shares).
          (2) A copy of the directors’ statement under section 654 must be made available to members-
          (a) in the case of a written resolution, by being sent or submitted to every eligible member at or before the time at which the proposed resolution is sent or submitted to him,
          (b) in the case of a resolution at a meeting, by being made available for inspection by members of the company at the meeting.
          (3) The resolution is ineffective if this requirement is not complied with.

        • 659. Notice of proposed payment

          (1) Within the week immediately following the date of the resolution under section 656 the company must-
          (a) (in the case of a company other than a restricted scope company) publish in a leading English language newspaper of the United Arab Emirates, or
          (b) (in the case of a restricted scope company) send to each of its members, a notice-
          (i) stating that the company has approved a payment out of capital for the purpose of acquiring its own shares by redemption or purchase or both (as the case may be),
          (ii) specifying-
          the amount of the permissible capital payment for the shares in question, and the date of the resolution,
          (iii) stating where the directors’ statement required by section 654 are available for inspection, and
          (2) Not later than the day on which the company-
          (a) first makes available the notice required by subsection (1), or
          (b) if earlier, first publishes or gives the notice required by subsection (1),
          the company must deliver to the Registrar a copy of the directors’ statement required by section 654.
          This subsection (2) does not apply to restricted scope companies.

        • 660. Directors’ statement to be available for inspection

          (1) The directors’ statement must be kept available for inspection throughout the period-
          (a) beginning with the day on which the company
          (i) first publishes the notice required by section 659(1)(a), or
          (ii) (in the case of a restricted scope company) sends the notice contemplated by 659(1)(b), and
          (b) ending five weeks after the date of the resolution for payment out of capital.
          (2) The statement must be kept available for inspection-
          (a) at the company’s registered office, or
          (b) at a place specified in rules made by the Board under section 996 (rules about where certain company records to be kept available for inspection).
          (3) The company must give notice to the Registrar-
          (a) of the place at which the statement is kept available for inspection, and
          (b) of any change in that place,
          unless it has at all times been kept at the company’s registered office.
          (4) The statement must be open to the inspection of any member or creditor of the company without charge.
          (5) If default is made for 14 days in complying with subsection (3), or an inspection under subsection (4) is refused, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (6) A person who commits a contravention of this section is liable to a level 7 fine.
          (7) In the case of a refusal of an inspection required by subsection (4), the Court may by order compel an immediate inspection.

        • 661. Reduced requirements for payment out of capital for purchase of own shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme

          (1) Section 653(1) does not apply to the purchase out of capital by a private company of its own shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme when approved by special resolution supported by a solvency statement.
          (2) For the purposes of this section a resolution is supported by a solvency statement if-
          (a) the directors of the company make a solvency statement (see section 584) not more than 15 days before the date on which the resolution is passed, and
          (b) the resolution and solvency statement are registered in accordance with section 662.
          (3) Where the resolution is proposed as a written resolution, a copy of the solvency statement must be sent or submitted to every eligible member at or before the time at which the proposed resolution is sent or submitted to the member.
          (4) Where the resolution is proposed at a general meeting, a copy of the solvency statement must be made available for inspection by members of the company throughout that meeting.
          (5) The validity of a resolution is not affected by a failure to comply with subsection (3) or (4).
          (6) Section 657 (resolution authorising payment: exercise of voting rights) applies to a resolution under this section as it applies to a resolution under section 656.

        • 662. Registration of resolution and supporting documents for purchase of own shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme

          (1) Within 14 days after the passing of the resolution for a payment out of capital by a private company for the purchase of its own shares for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme the company must deliver to the Registrar-
          (a) a copy of the solvency statement,
          (b) a copy of the resolution, and
          (c) a statement of capital.
          (2) The statement of capital must state with respect to the company’s share capital as reduced by the resolution-
          (a) the total number of shares of the company,
          (b) the aggregate issue price of those shares,
          (c) for each class of shares-
          (i) prescribed particulars of the rights attached to the shares,
          (ii) the total number of shares of that class, and
          (iii) the aggregate issue price of shares of that class, and
          (d) the amount paid up and the amount (if any) unpaid on each share.
          (3) The Registrar must register the documents delivered to him under subsection (1) on receipt.
          (4) The resolution does not take effect until those documents are registered.
          (5) The company must also deliver to the Registrar, within 14 days after the resolution is passed, a statement by the directors confirming that the solvency statement was-
          (a) made not more than 15 days before the date on which the resolution was passed, and
          (b) provided to members in accordance with section 661(3) or (4).
          (6) The validity of a resolution is not affected by-
          (a) a failure to deliver the documents required to be delivered to the Registrar under subsection (1) within the time specified in that subsection, or
          (b) a failure to comply with subsection (5).
          (7) If the company delivers to the Registrar a solvency statement that was not provided to members in accordance with section 661(3) or (4), a contravention of these Regulations is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.
          (8) If default is made in complying with this section, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (9) A person who commits a contravention of subsection (7) or (8) is liable to a fine of up to level 8.
          (10) This section does not apply to a restricted scope company.

        • 663. Application to Court to cancel resolution

          (1) Where a private company passes a special resolution approving a payment out of capital for the redemption or purchase of any of its shares-
          (a) any member of the company (other than one who consented to or voted in favour of the resolution), and
          (b) any creditor of the company,
          may apply to the Court for the cancellation of the resolution.
          (2) The application-
          (a) must be made within five weeks after the passing of the resolution, and
          (b) may be made on behalf of the persons entitled to make it by such one or more of their number as they may appoint in writing for the purpose.
          (3) On an application under this section the Court may if it thinks fit-
          (a) adjourn the proceedings in order that an arrangement may be made to the satisfaction of the Court-
          (i) for the purchase of the interests of dissentient members, or
          (ii) for the protection of dissentient creditors, and
          (b) give such directions and make such orders as it thinks expedient for facilitating or carrying into effect any such arrangement.
          (4) Subject to that, the Court must make an order either cancelling or confirming the resolution, and may do so on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
          (5) If the Court confirms the resolution, it may by order alter or extend any date or period of time specified-
          (a) in the resolution, or
          (b) in any provision of this Chapter applying to the redemption or purchase to which the resolution relates.
          (6) The Court’s order may, if the Court thinks fit-
          (a) provide for the purchase by the company of the shares of any of its members and for the reduction accordingly of the company’s capital, and
          (b) make any alteration in the company’s articles that may be required in consequence of that provision.
          (7) The Court’s order may, if the Court thinks fit, require the company not to make any, or any specified, amendments of its articles without the leave of the Court.

        • 664. Notice to Registrar of Court application or order

          (1) On making an application under section 663 (application to Court to cancel resolution) the applicants, or the person making the application on their behalf, must immediately give notice to the Registrar.
          This is without prejudice to any provision of rules of Court as to service of notice of the application.
          (2) On being served with notice of any such application, the company must immediately give notice to the Registrar.
          (3) Within 15 days of the making of the Court’s order on the application, or such longer period as the Court may at any time direct, the company must deliver to the Registrar a copy of the order.
          (4) If a company fails to comply with subsection (2) or (3) a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
          (a) the company, and
          (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
          (5) A person who commits a contravention of subsection (2) or (3) is liable to a level 2 fine.
          (6) This section does not apply to a restricted scope company.

        • 665. When payment out of capital to be made

          (1) The payment out of capital, if made in accordance with a resolution under section 656 must be made no more than six weeks after the date of such resolution.
          (2) The payment out of capital, if made in accordance with a resolution under section 661 must be made no more than six weeks after the date of such resolution.

    • Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Treasury Shares

      • 666. Treasury shares

        (1) This section applies where-
        (a) a limited company makes a purchase of its own shares in accordance with Chapter 4, and
        (b) the purchase is made-
        (i) out of distributable profits, or
        (ii) with cash under section 631(1)(b).
        (2) Where this section applies the company may-
        (a) hold the shares (or any of them), or
        (b) deal with any of them, at any time, in accordance with section 668 or 670.
        (3) Where shares are held by the company, the company must be entered in its register of members as the member holding the shares.
        (4) In these Regulations references to a company holding shares as treasury shares are to the company holding shares that-
        (a) were (or are treated as having been) purchased by it in circumstances in which this section applies, and
        (b) have been held by the company continuously since they were so purchased (or treated as purchased).

      • 667. Treasury shares: exercise of rights

        (1) This section applies where shares are held by a company as treasury shares.
        (2) The company must not exercise any right in respect of the treasury shares, and any purported exercise of such a right is void.
        This applies, in particular, to any right to attend or vote at meetings.
        (3) No dividend may be paid, and no other distribution (whether in cash or otherwise) of the company’s assets (including any distribution of assets to members on a winding up) may be made to the company, in respect of the treasury shares.
        (4) Nothing in this section prevents-
        (a) an allotment of shares as fully paid bonus shares in respect of the treasury shares, or
        (b) the payment of any amount payable on the redemption of the treasury shares (if they are redeemable shares).
        (5) Shares allotted as fully paid bonus shares in respect of the treasury shares are treated as if purchased by the company, at the time they were allotted, in circumstances in which section 666(1) (treasury shares) applied.

      • 668. Treasury shares: disposal

        (1) Where shares are held as treasury shares, the company may at any time-
        (a) sell the shares (or any of them) for a cash consideration, or
        (b) transfer the shares (or any of them) for the purposes of or pursuant to an employees’ share scheme.
        (2) In subsection 668(1)(a) “cash consideration” means-
        (a) cash received by the company, or
        (b) a cheque received by the company in good faith that the directors have no reason for suspecting will not be paid, or
        (c) a release of a liability of the company for a liquidated sum, or
        (d) an undertaking to pay cash to the company on or before a date not more than 90 days after the date on which the company agrees to sell the shares, or
        (e) payment by any other means giving rise to a present or future entitlement (of the company or a person acting on the company’s behalf) to a payment, or credit equivalent to payment, in cash.
        For this purpose “cash” includes currency other than US dollars or the currency in which the shares are denominated.
        (3) The Board may make rules which provide that particular means of payment specified in the rules are to be regarded as falling within subsection 668(2)(e).

      • 669. Treasury shares: notice of disposal

        (1) Where shares held by a company as treasury shares-
        (a) are sold, or
        (b) are transferred for the purposes of an employees’ share scheme, the company must deliver a return to-
        (i) (in the case of a company other than a restricted scope company) the Registrar, or
        (ii) (in the case of a restricted scope company) each of its members,
        not later than one month after the shares are disposed of.
        (2) The return must state with respect to shares of each class disposed of-
        (a) the number and value of the shares, and
        (b) the date on which they were disposed of.
        (3) Particulars of shares disposed of on different dates may be included in a single return.
        (4) If default is made in complying with this section a contravention of these Regulations is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.
        (5) A person who commits a contravention of this section is liable to a level 2 fine.

      • 670. Treasury shares: cancellation

        (1) Where shares are held as treasury shares, the company may at any time cancel the shares (or any of them).
        (2) If a company cancels shares held as treasury shares, the amount of the company’s share capital is reduced accordingly.
        (3) The directors may take any steps required to enable the company to cancel its shares under this section without complying with the provisions of Chapter 10 of Part 16 (reduction of share capital).

      • 671. Treasury shares: notice of cancellation

        (1) Where shares held by a company as treasury shares are cancelled, the company must deliver a return to-
        (a) (in the case of a company other than a restricted scope company) the Registrar, or
        (b) (in the case of a restricted scope company) each of its members,
        not later than one month after the shares are cancelled.
        This does not apply to shares that are cancelled forthwith on their acquisition by the company (see section 648).
        (2) The return must state with respect to shares of each class cancelled-
        (a) the number and issue price of the shares, and
        (b) the date on which they were cancelled.
        (3) Particulars of shares cancelled on different dates may be included in a single return.
        (4) The notice must be accompanied by a statement of capital.
        (5) The statement of capital must state with respect to the company’s share capital immediately following the cancellation-
        (a) the total number of shares of the company,
        (b) the aggregate issue price of those shares,
        (c) for each class of shares-
        (i) prescribed particulars of the rights attached to the shares,
        (ii) the total number of shares of that class, and
        (iii) the aggregate issue price of shares of that class, and
        (d) the amount paid up and the amount (if any) unpaid on each share.
        (6) If default is made in complying with this section, a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
        (a) the company, and
        (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
        (7) A person who commits a contravention of this section is liable to a level 2 fine.
        (8) This section does not apply to restricted scope companies.

      • 672. Treasury shares: treatment of proceeds of sale

        (1) Where shares held as treasury shares are sold, the proceeds of sale must be dealt with in accordance with this section.
        (2) If the proceeds of sale are equal to or less than the purchase price paid by the company for the shares, the proceeds are treated for the purposes of Part 22 (distributions) as a realised profit of the company.
        (3) If the proceeds of sale exceed the purchase price paid by the company an amount equal to the purchase price paid is treated as a realised profit of the company for the purposes of that Part, and
        (4) For the purposes of this section-
        the purchase price paid by the company must be determined by the application of a weighted average price method, and
        (b) if the shares were allotted to the company as fully paid bonus shares, the purchase price paid for them is treated as nil.

      • 673. Treasury shares: offences

        (1) If a company contravenes any of the provisions of this Chapter (except section 671 (notice of cancellation)), a contravention of these Regulations is committed by-
        (a) the company, and
        (b) every officer of the company who is in default.
        (2) A person who commits a contravention of this Chapter (except section 671 (notice of cancellation)) is liable to a level 2 fine.

    • Chapter 7 Chapter 7 Supplementary Provisions

      • 674. The capital redemption reserve

        (1) In the following circumstances a company must transfer amounts to a reserve, called the “capital redemption reserve”.
        (2) Where under this Part shares of a limited company are redeemed or purchased wholly out of the company’s profits, the amount by which the company’s issued share capital is diminished in accordance with-
        (a) section 627(b) (on the cancellation of shares redeemed), or
        (b) section 646(b)(ii) (on the cancellation of shares purchased),
        must be transferred to the capital redemption reserve.
        (3) The amount by which a company’s share capital is diminished in accordance with section 670(2) (on the cancellation of shares held as treasury shares) must be transferred to the capital redemption reserve.
        (4) The company may use the capital redemption reserve to pay up new shares to be allotted to members as fully paid bonus shares.
        (5) Subject to that, the provisions of these Regulations relating to the reduction of a company’s share capital apply as if the capital redemption reserve were part of its paid up share capital.

      • 675. Accounting consequences of payment out of capital

        (1) This section applies where a payment out of capital is made in accordance with Chapter 5 (redemption or purchase of own shares by private company out of capital).
        (2) If the permissible capital payment is less than the stated capital of the shares redeemed or purchased, the amount of the difference must be transferred to the company’s capital redemption reserve.
        (3) If the permissible capital payment is greater than the stated capital of the shares redeemed or purchased-
        (a) the amount of any capital redemption reserve or fully paid share capital of the company, and
        (b) any amount representing unrealised profits of the company for the time being standing to the credit of any revaluation reserve maintained by the company,
        may be reduced by a sum not exceeding (or by sums not in total exceeding) the amount by which the permissible capital payment exceeds the stated capital of the shares.
        (4) Where the proceeds of a fresh issue are applied by the company in making a redemption or purchase of its own shares in addition to a payment out of capital under this Chapter, the references in subsections (2) and (3) to the permissible capital payment are to be read as referring to the aggregate of that payment and those proceeds.

      • 676. Effect of company’s failure to redeem or purchase

        (1) This section applies where a company-
        (a) issues shares on terms that they are or are liable to be redeemed, or
        (b) agrees to purchase any of its shares.
        (2) The company is not liable in damages in respect of any failure on its part to redeem or purchase any of the shares.
        This is without prejudice to any right of the holder of the shares other than his right to sue the company for damages in respect of its failure.
        (3) The Court shall not grant an order for specific performance of the terms of redemption or purchase if the company shows that it is unable to meet the costs of redeeming or purchasing the shares in question out of distributable profits.
        (4) If the company is wound up and at the commencement of the winding up any of the shares have not been redeemed or purchased, the terms of redemption or purchase may be enforced against the company.
        When shares are redeemed or purchased under this subsection, they are treated as cancelled.
        (5) Subsection (4) does not apply if-
        (a) the terms provided for the redemption or purchase to take place at a date later than that of the commencement of the winding up, or
        (b) during the period-
        (i) beginning with the date on which the redemption or purchase was to have taken place, and
        (ii) ending with the commencement of the winding up,
        the company could not at any time have lawfully made a distribution equal in value to the price at which the shares were to have been redeemed or purchased.
        (6) There shall be paid in priority to any amount that the company is liable under subsection (4) to pay in respect of any shares-
        (a) all other debts and liabilities of the company (other than any due to members in their character as such), and
        (b) if other shares carry rights (whether as to capital or as to income) that are preferred to the rights as to capital attaching to the first-mentioned shares, any amount due in satisfaction of those preferred rights.
        Subject to that, any such amount shall be paid in priority to any amounts due to members in satisfaction of their rights (whether as to capital or income) as members.

      • 677. Meaning of “distributable profits”

        In this Part (except in Chapter 2 (financial assistance): see section 622) “distributable profits”, in relation to the making of any payment by a company, means profits out of which the company could lawfully make a distribution (within the meaning given by section 761 (distributions to be made only out of profits available for the purpose) equal in value to the payment.