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5. Liability

Past version: effective from 21/10/2015 - 20/10/2015
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(5) Each Party shall be liable to the other Parties for damages it causes by any breach of these Clauses. Liability as between the Parties is limited to actual damage suffered. Punitive damages (i.e. damages intended to punish a Party for its outrageous conduct) are specifically excluded.
(6) Each Party shall be liable to Data Subjects for damages it causes by any breach of Third Party rights under these Clauses. This does not affect the liability of the Data Exporter under the Regulations.
(7) In cases involving allegations of breach by the Data Importer, the Data Subject must first request the Data Exporter to take appropriate action to enforce his rights against the Data Importer; if the Data Exporter does not take such action within a reasonable period (which under normal circumstances would be one month), the Data Subject may then enforce his rights against the Data Importer directly. A Data Subject is entitled to proceed directly against a Data Exporter that has failed to use reasonable efforts to determine that the Data Importer is able to satisfy its legal obligations under these Clauses (the Data Exporter shall have the burden to prove that it took reasonable efforts).