17. Where to serve the claim form

(1) The claim form must be served within the jurisdiction except where paragraphs (4) or (11) and (12) apply, or as provided by Rule 23.
(2) In this Rule, "address" includes e-mail and other electronic addresses and "business address" is construed accordingly.

Lawyer within the jurisdiction

(3) Subject to Rule 16, where the defendant has given in writing the business address within ADGM of a lawyer as an address at which the defendant may be served with the claim form, or a lawyer acting for the defendant has notified the claimant in writing that the lawyer is instructed by the defendant to accept service of the claim form on behalf of the defendant at a business address within ADGM, the claim form must be served at the business address of that lawyer.

Lawyer in the Emirate

(4) Subject to Rules 16 and 26 and except where any other rule or relevant practice direction makes different provision, where the defendant has given in writing the business address in the Emirate of a lawyer as an address at which the defendant may be served with the claim form; or a lawyer acting for the defendant has notified the claimant in writing that the lawyer is instructed by the defendant to accept service of the claim form on behalf of the defendant at a business address within the Emirate, the claim form must be served at the business address of that lawyer.

Where before service the defendant gives an address at which he may be served

(5) Subject to Rules 16 and 26 and to paragraphs (3) and (4) of this Rule, and except where any other rule or relevant practice direction makes different provision, the defendant may be served with the claim form at an address at which the defendant resides or carries on business within ADGM or in the Emirate and which the defendant has given for the purpose of being served with the proceedings.

Where the defendant does not give an address at which he may be served

(6) Paragraphs (7) to (9) apply where Rule 16 and paragraphs (3) and (4) of this Rule do not apply and the claimant does not wish to effect personal service under Rule 16.
(7) Subject to paragraphs (8) and (9), the claim form must be served on the defendant at the place shown in the following table.
# Nature of defendant to be served Place of service
1. Individual Usual or last known residence.
2. Individual being sued in the name of a business Usual or last known residence of the individual; or

Principal or last known place of business.
3. Individual being sued in the business name of a partnership Usual or last known residence of the individual; or

Principal or last known place of business of the partnership.
4. Limited Liability Partnership Principal office of the partnership; or

Any place of business of the partnership within ADGM which has a real connection with the claim.
5. Corporation (other than a company) in ADGM Principal office of the corporation; or

Any place within ADGM where the corporation carries on its activities and which has a real connection with the claim.
6. Company registered in ADGM Principal office of the company; or

Any place of business of the company within ADGM which has a real connection with the claim.
7. Any other company or corporation Any place within ADGM where the company or corporation carries on its activities; or

Any place of business of the company or the corporation within ADGM.
(8) Where a claimant has reason to believe that the address of the defendant referred to in entries 1, 2 or 3 in the table at paragraph (7) is an address at which the defendant no longer resides or carries on business, the claimant must take reasonable steps to ascertain the address of the defendant's current residence or place of business.
(9) Where paragraph (8) applies, the claimant may serve on the defendant's usual or last known address in accordance with the table in paragraph (7) where the claimant cannot reasonably ascertain the defendant's current residence or place of business

Proceedings against ADGM

(10) In proceedings against ADGM, service must be effected on the Chairman of the Board or a lawyer employed by or acting for ADGM.

Service of the claim form by contractually agreed method

(11) Where a contract contains a term providing that, in the event of a claim being started in relation to the contract, the claim form may be served by a method or at a place specified in the contract (including on an agent or principal) and a claim solely in respect of that contract is started, the claim form may, subject to paragraph (12), be served on the defendant by the method or at the place or on the person specified in the contract.
(12) Where in accordance with the contract the claim form is to be served out of the jurisdiction or the Emirate, it may be served if written notice of service out of the jurisdiction or the Emirate has been given by the claimant to the Court under Rule 24; and without permission.
Amended on June 1, 2017