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18. Effect of repeal

(1) Where an enactment repeals in whole or in part any other enactment, then, unless the contrary intention appears, the repeal shall not —
(a) revive anything not in force or existing at the time at which the repeal takes effect;
(b) affect the previous operation of any enactment so repealed or anything duly done or suffered under any enactment so repealed;
(c) affect any right, privilege, obligation or liability acquired, accrued or incurred under any enactment so repealed;
(d) affect any fine or forfeiture incurred in respect of any contravention committed against any enactment so repealed; or
(e) affect any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, privilege, obligation, liability, fine or forfeiture as aforesaid; and any such investigation, legal proceeding or remedy may be instituted, continued or enforced, and any such fine or forfeiture may be imposed, as if the repealing enactment had not been passed.
(2) A reference in this section to the repeal of an enactment in whole or in part includes a reference to —
(a) a repeal effected by implication;
(b) the abrogation or limitation of the effect of the enactment or part; and
(c) the exclusion of the application of the enactment or part to any person, subject-matter or circumstance.
(3) Where an enactment expires, lapses or otherwise ceases to have effect, this section applies as if the enactment had been repealed by another enactment.
(4) A reference in this section to a part of an enactment includes a reference to any provision of, or words, figures, drawings or symbols in, the enactment.