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46. Restriction of vexatious legal proceedings

(1) In this section "civil proceedings order" means an order that —
(a) declares that the person against whom the order is made is a vexatious litigant;
(b) no proceedings shall without the leave of the Court of First Instance be instituted in any Court by the person against whom the order is made;
(c) any proceedings instituted by him in any Court before the making of the order shall not be continued by him without the leave of the Court of First Instance; and
(d) no application (other than one for leave under this section) shall be made by him, in any proceedings instituted in any Court by any person, without the leave of the Court of First Instance.
(2) If, on an application made under this section, the Court of First Instance is satisfied that any person has habitually and persistently and without any reasonable ground —
(a) instituted vexatious proceedings, whether in the Court of First Instance or any inferior court, and whether against the same person or against different persons; or
(b) made vexatious applications in any proceedings, whether in the Court of First Instance or any inferior court, and whether instituted by him or another,
the Court of First Instance may, after hearing that person or giving him an opportunity of being heard, make a civil proceedings order.
(3) An order under subsection (2) may provide that it is to cease to have effect at the end of a specified period, but shall otherwise remain in force indefinitely.
(4) Where an indefinite order has been made under subsection (3) —
(a) the person who is the subject of such an order must first obtain leave from the Court before commencing any fresh proceedings of whatever nature, and such leave shall not be given unless the Court of First Instance is satisfied that the proceedings are not an abuse of the process of the Court in question and that there are good grounds for the proceedings to be issued; and
(b) the Registrar shall prevent the issue of any fresh proceedings by any person who is subject to an indefinite order under subsection (3) unless and until any leave has been obtained by the Court of First Instance under sub-paragraph (a).
(5) No appeal shall lie from a decision of the Court of First Instance refusing leave required by virtue of this section.
(6) A copy of any order made under subsection (2) shall be published in English on the Courts' website.
(7) If the Court of First Instance is satisfied that any proceedings already initiated in any Court has been brought without any reasonable grounds, it may declare such proceedings to be vexatious and may make an order dismissing the claim or claims as being vexatious.
(8) A declaration and/or order under subsection (7) may be made by the Court's own motion or upon the application of one or more of the parties to the proceedings in respect of which the declaration or order is sought.