6.6.5

Factors tending to show the contravention was deliberate include:

(a) the contravention was intentional, in that the individual intended, could reasonably have foreseen or foresaw that the likely or actual consequences of his actions or inaction would result in a contravention;
(b) the individual intended to benefit financially from the contravention, either directly or indirectly;
(c) the individual knew that his actions were not in accordance with his firm's internal procedures;
(d) the individual sought to conceal his misconduct;
(e) the individual committed the contravention in such a way as to avoid or reduce the risk that the contravention would be discovered;
(f) the individual was influenced to commit the contravention by the belief that it would be difficult to detect;
(g) the individual knowingly took decisions relating to the contravention beyond his field of competence; and
(h) the individual's actions were repeated.